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Ammonites are one of the most common fossils found in England.

Reconstruction of an ammonite Many years ago people who found ammonites did not know they were real fossils, and thought they were snakes that had been magically turned to stone.

Today we recognise them as an extinct group of cephalopods and their coiled shells will be familiar to any fossil hunter.

Because ammonites are extinct, and only their shells are fossilised we do not know exactly what the animal looked like. However, because they are quite closely related, we can use Nautilus to guess what they were like, and how they lived. Like nautiloids, ammonites were marine, they probably floated passively in the oceans eating tiny shrimp and other small animals.

Ammonite Ammonite
A Jurassic ammonite cut and polished to show its inner structure.

Ammonites were a diverse group found throughout the world. They were most common in the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, but died out at the same time as the dinosaurs, 65 million years ago, at the end of the Cretaceous.

Ammonite Ammonite
Ammonites come in many different shapes and sizes.

The mollusc wheel Find out about fossil molluscs Find out about fossil gastropods Find out about fossil bivalves Find out about fossil cephalopods Find out about ammonites Find out about fossil nautiloids Find out about belemnites
The molluscs are split into different groups - the gastropods, bivalves and cephalopods. The cephalopods are also split into three groups.


If you read these pages you should become an expert invertebrate identifier!
The major groups are listed below - select a link to learn more about this type of fossil.

Sponges Corals
Molluscs Brachiopods
Arthropods Graptolites
Echinoderms Return to the wheel

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