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Graptolites are one of the most instantly recognisable types of fossil.

Graptolites Graptolites are normally found in dark mudstones and shales, and have a shiny look to them, as though they had been drawn onto the rock with a pencil. This is how they get their name, which means 'writing on the rock'.

Like corals they were colonial - each graptolite was made up of many tiny individual animals, all linked together into a single colony. Unlike corals though, most graptolite colonies were not attached to the sea floor, but floated near the surface of the seas, feeding on tiny pieces of food in the water.

Graptolites died out about 370 million years ago. They first appeared about 490 million years ago and quickly evolved into many new forms. Experts can use graptolite fossils from a rock to tell how old it is, just by looking to see which types are there. This makes graptolites an important tool for geologists.

Graptolites Graptolites
Graptolites from the Ordovician period.

If you read these pages you should become an expert invertebrate identifier!
The major groups are listed below - select a link to learn more about this type of fossil.

Sponges Corals
Molluscs Brachiopods
Arthropods Graptolites
Echinoderms Return to the wheel

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